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【SC高分必看】GMAT语法必须记住的9大类固定搭配汇总整理

2017年08月29日18:24 来源:小站整理
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摘要:大家在面对GMAT语法考点知识点时,可能最怕听到的四个字就是固定搭配,因为这就代表着需要记住没有什么道理好讲。不过,与其在考试后看错题解析才听到这些题,还不如提前就记牢背熟这些固定搭配才是更好的选择。本文就为大家整理了9大类考生需要记牢的语法固定搭配。

本文汇总了GMAT考试中最常见的固定搭配,有志备考GMAT考试的同学可以来了解一下,看看自己是否知道并且掌握了它们。

【SC高分必看】GMAT语法必须记住的9大类固定搭配汇总整理图1

1. 一般不用被动语态的动词或动词短语

lead, cause, enable,become, receive, visit, visit, lack, enter, cost, possess, resemble, last,like, enjoy, notice, watch, look at, listen to, pay attention to, suit, fit,contain, so as to do, be able to, be likely to do

2.GMAT考试中的有一部分既可以用主动语态也可以用被动语态的动词

change, close,determine, end, finish, head, interest, issue, open, train

sth. be aimed atdoing; sb aim to do sth

sth be intended to dosth; sb intend to do sth

sth be targeted atsth; sb target sth

3. 直接加-ing分词作宾语的动词或动词短语的GMAT语法形式

- acknowledge, avoid,admit, enjoy, escape, suggest, assure, advocate, forbid, permit, favor,recommend, resist, risk, involve, deny, include

- give up, credit to(把...计入...), aim to (目的在于), contribute to (导致), in contrast to (和...相反), be suppose to (??? be supposed todo), object to (反对), be opposed to (反对), amount to (等于), be exposed / committed /limited / devoted to, lead to, be educated to, be / become accustomed / used to

- aid sb in doing,prevent / keep / prohibit / save sb from doing, accuse sb. of doing

- be expert at, begood at, criticize... for, praise...for, be capable of, be busy, havedifficulty (in), have trouble (in)

- propose doing

4. 接不定式作宾语的动词,指不定式的动作往往与谓语动词的动作同时发生

afford, agree, appear/ seem, arrange, choose, claim, come (逐渐), elect,endeavor, expect, fail, promise, refuse, seek, select, threaten, venture,offer, prefer

5. GMAT攻略:不定式作宾语补余的使用方法

动词 (advise, allow,cause, compel, enable, invite, inspire, convince, expect, lead, require, use,order) + 名词短语 + 不定式

6. 省略to的不定式

- 动词 (see, watch, notice, spot, hear, observe, perceive, overhead, feel,smell, let, make) + N. / Prep. + do

- make do (with /without) 凑合着做... , make believe 假装 (pretend)

- help (to) do...

7. 平行结构标志词

- 连词: and, or, but, yet

- 短语: rather than..., not only...but also..., from...to..., either...or..., neither...nor..., between...and..., both...and..., not...but rather...,not...but...,...as well as...

8. 比较结构中的习惯搭配

- as + adj. + a/an +n. + as... : 例句. Exercising is as good a way as any tolose unwanted weight

- more because...than because 更多是因为...而不是因为...

- not... so much A asB 与其说A倒不如说B

- the more... themore... 倒装结构,be 动词常可省略

- no more... than; nomore than 与...同样不..

- no less... than. noless than 与...一样

- verb. + more of /less of than 这里more和less做副词修饰 verb, 指程度更大或者更小

- 其他可以引出比较结构的词语:compared with, below, above, superior to

9. 其他GMAT语法固定搭配

- range from... to...

- forbid sth; forbidsb to do sth; forbit sb doing sth (forbid 和 prevent 的用法不同 - prevent sb from doing sth...)

- be in control;under control

- contrast with / to,in contrast to

- be regarded as,regard...as 名词 / 形容词 / -ing 分词

- rivalry between Aand B, A rival B for / in...

- be in danger ofdoing... 处于...危险中

- need做名词 the need to do sth, the need for sb to do, the need for sth

- view... as...

- the possibility ofdoing, the possibility that 从句 (用将来时)

- have an impacton..., impact on...

- pay money for sth /doing sth

- require sb to dosth

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