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【提分必备】GMAT阅读短篇文章得分思路实例介绍

2021年09月07日11:54 来源:小站整理
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摘要:在许多GMAT考生看来,比起文章篇幅长生词多句子复杂的长阅读来说,短阅读无疑是大家保证得分的更好选择。的确,短阅读因为种种原因给人一种看起来更简单的印象,但假如考生太过轻敌大意,想要在短阅读中拿到高分也并非易事。本文将通过实例讲解详细思路技巧。

GMAT阅读的长篇文章信息量大且题目难度高,考生费尽全力也常会遭遇错误。相对来说短篇阅读就成为了更为稳妥的保分提分突破口。那么考生如何在GMAT短阅读中保证得分呢?下面小编会结合实例做具体分析。

【提分必备】GMAT阅读短篇文章得分思路实例介绍图1

GMAT短篇阅读才是保分重点题型

小编之所以要说GMAT短阅读保分的问题,主要是因为短阅读在考试中对比长阅读具有以下保分优势:

1. 短阅读题数多耗时短ROI高

GMAT阅读一般根据文章篇幅可以分为长阅读和短阅读,长阅读的形式通常是一篇文章带上3-4道题目,而篇阅读则是每篇文章只附带1-2道题。而从题目数量来说,两者的分数是一样的。同样的得分,解决一道短阅读的时间却可能远低于长阅读,从得分效率来说显然短阅读更有优势。只要考生能够保证短阅读的正确率,哪怕长阅读做得再糟糕,至少也能保证GMAT阅读一半的得分。

2. 短阅读文章难度低理解方便易得分

同样是阅读,但GMAT短阅读在得分和时间消耗上,显然性价比要高出长阅读不少。短阅读的文章篇幅往往只有长阅读的一半甚至3分之1,而且难度大多低于长阅读,更容易被考生快速看懂理解,解题正确率也更高。而长阅读不仅耗时长,还经常会涉及一些学术化难度较高的文章,很多考生都会出现看不懂文章或者看了后面忘了前面的问题,常常看完一篇篇阅读后还是处于似懂非懂的状态,对于大家的阅读技巧有很高的要求。从正确率上来说,短阅读显然也更胜一筹。

【提分必备】GMAT阅读短篇文章得分思路实例介绍图2

GMAT短阅读2道实例讲解思路

在了解了上述短阅读保分优势后,下面小编通过两道短阅读实例来为大家做一些解析。

例题1

Though artist Chuck Close has devoted his life to portraiture, his paintings rarely comport with that genre's traditional purpose. His early photorealist images, which are created by overlaying a grid on a photograph and painstakingly copying the image cell by cell, are, to the naked eye, nearly undifferentiable from photographs. Furthermore. Close's emphasis is on the disembodied head itself, expressionless and devoid of any overt personality. He has never acceded to commissions, relying on both his own image and his friends as models. In 1988, a collapsed spinal artery caused almost total paralysis, but Close has continued to work. His freer paintings evince a natural extension of an augmented interest in the minute grid over the total work that predated his illness. This nonprivileging of any particular part of the canvas finds its inspiration, oddly enough, in abstract expressionism, despite the apparent inconso-nance of the two techniques.

Consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply.

Which of the following statements are supported by the passage?

A. Close’s portraits are so realistic that they are sometimes mistaken for photographs.

B. There are conceptual connections between Close’s later work and other, apparently dissimilar works.

C. Throughout his career as an artist, none of the portraits Close has painted have been done in exchange for money.

思路分析

这里要注意一点,commission在本题的意思, 并不是佣金, 而是委托的意思. 作为一个肖像画的画家, Chuck Close并没有接受过其他委托, 因此的他的模特是本人或者是朋友. 而文章中并没有说明他的画有没有被卖掉, 因此C的选项是错误的. A之所以也是错误是因为文章只说了是 near indifferentiable. 并没有提到有人被画, 这里就信息混乱。

正确答案

B

【提分必备】GMAT阅读短篇文章得分思路实例介绍图3

例题2

The anti-foundationalist belief that there is no secure basis for knowledge was worked out philosophically in the somewhat wearisome tracts of Jacques Derrida. Difference. Derrida tells us is the idea that any attempts to discuss universal features of human nature are merely products of local standards, often serving the vested interests of the status quo, and should rightly be dismantled and critiqued. Derrida was considered the originator of a profound challenge to the history of human thought. However, a century before Derrida. Darwin's theory of natural selection had made anti-foundationalism almost an inevitable consequence. From an evolutionary point of view, our understanding of the world depends on earlier and less-developed forms of understanding; meaning is continuously referred or deferred to other terms or experiences.

The passage implies that which of the following beliefs is embraced by anti-foundationalists?

A. In many cases humans cannot be completely secure in thinking that they fully understand a given situation.

B. The meaning of an experience can best be understood outside the cultural context in which it occurs.

C. Those who are part of the status quo are best able to dismantle and critique society.

D. Derrida’s work would not have been possible without the prior ruminations of Darwin a century earlier.

E. Darwin’s faith in the status quo is sufficient grounds to develop universal truths about cultural experiences.

思路分析

作者认为anti-f的人认为there is no secure basis for knowledge,所以A是正确的。并且,作者认为,D的观点是关于人类本性的通性的任何说法都是基于local standards,所以说要想理解,就一定要基于文化背景,所以B是错的。C错误的引用了文章的信息。至于D,尽管文章说达尔文的理论使得Derrida的理论顺理成章的正确,但是D选项的说法太过于绝对。E选项是混淆选项,这个选项与anti-f的理论并没有什么关系。

正确答案

A

从上述两道短阅读真题相信大家也不难发现,一篇短阅读对应一道题目的形式,从解题上来说的确更为适合考生得分,大家不需要做定位细节等繁琐工作,直接一遍看懂文章马上就能做题,再积累一些解题技巧思路方面的经验,想要保证得分难度显然也会低于长阅读。

综上所述,以短阅读为切入点保证GMAT阅读部分的得分,可以说是一种相对稳妥有效的做法。而小编也希望大家如果在面对GMAT阅读时还觉得比较困难,可以参考本文内容,找到一些保分提分的攻略方向。

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